Lower Risk - near threatened
The Yellow Baboon is one of 5 species of baboons. They are active during the day and spends most of its time on the ground foraging. The group size of the Yellow Baboon depends on food availability and the level of predation in the area. They mostly feed on grasses and insects, but their diet also includes seeds, fruits and small mammals. They are opportunist feeders and will eat whatever foods are most abundant.
Yellow Baboons can live 30 years in the wild and up to 45 years in captivity.
Maras inhabit the grass and brush-lands of South and Central Argentina where they seek out areas with wide open spaces and an abundance of vegetation; their favorite food items being grasses and herbs. Maras are monogamous throughout their lifetime and will produce 2-3 litters per year of 1-3 young. A group of roughly 15 breeding pairs will give birth and rear their young in a communal den.
Cougars (also known as Puma or Mountain Lions) live where there is abundant prey, from sea level to 10,000 feet (3,050 m) elevations. They can jump from the ground to a height of 18 feet (5.5 m). Their favorite prey is deer, elk, moose, peccary and bighorn sheep. They cover their kill with leaves and visit for additional meals later. Their main predators are humans and other mountain lions. The life span is approximately 12 years in the wild and over 20 years in captivity.
Chilean Flamingos are found in east and central South America in or near shallow muddy, alkaline and brackish lakes. They are at the top of the food chain in this unique niche as there is not enough food to sustain larger lifeforms. As a result, humans are the major danger to the Chilean Flamingos due to hunting and habitat loss.